Kirill Petrenko conducts Tchaikovsky and Rachmaninov
20 Mar 2021
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Romeo and Juliet, Fantasy Overture after Shakespeare (22 min.)
Symphony No. 2 in E minor, op. 27 (62 min.)
Emmanuel Pahud in conversation with Daniel Stabrawa (20 min.)
At his debut with the Philharmoniker in February of 2006, Kirill Petrenko conducted one of his favourite works: Sergei Rachmaninov’s Second Symphony. Almost exactly 15 years later Petrenko, now the orchestra’s chief conductor, has programmed the composition a second time.
After the traumatic fiasco of his First Symphony, the Second, whose premiere Rachmaninov conducted himself in St Petersburg in 1908, was a critical success. Today it is by far the most popular of the composer’s three works in this genre. Like all his symphonies and piano concertos, this epic work is also in a minor key and – particularly during the familiar slow movement, with its expansive clarinet solo – is filled with the melancholy and longing so typical of Rachmaninov. Equally effective is the second movement, which in addition to intimate melodies also contains echoes of the Dies Irae motif quoted by Rachmaninov in many of his works.
The second work on the programme was Pyotr Tchaikovsky’s fantasy overture Romeo and Juliet. Mily Balakirev, the leader of the group “the Mighty Handful”, known in English as The Five, had suggested the subject to the composer. Although Tchaikovsky was already a professor of composition when he wrote the work, he had to put up with criticism such as the following from the autodidact Balakirev, who was only a few years older: “With regard to its deficiencies, namely its form, the overture still needs revising.” Tchaikovsky actually did revise the composition several times, although, as Petrenko pointed out in an interview for the Digital Concert Hall, during the process he increasingly emancipated himself from the influence of his severe critic.
The concert in front of 1000 spectators took place as part of the Berlin project “Perspektive Kultur”. The aim of this project was to test the logistical and practical feasibility of events in conjunction with SARS-CoV-2 antigen testing.
Find out more about the project “Perspektive Kultur”:
© 2021 SWR, EuroArts
in collaboration with Arte