Programme Guide

Kurt Sanderling was the last surviving member of a generation of conductors whose roots lay in Romanticism but which continued to be active until well into the 20th century, in that way forming a bridge between the two periods. For his concert with the Berliner Philharmoniker in June 1992 he chose two 19th-century masterpieces: Camille Saint-Saëns’s Second Piano Concerto, in which the brilliant soloist was the then thirty-four-year-old Yefim Bronfman, and one of the conductor’s calling cards, Tchaikovsky’s Fourth Symphony.

Sanderling had made his debut with the orchestra only four years earlier at the age of seventy-eight. Like Celibidache, Solti, Wand, Leinsdorf and Markevitch, he was a member of the legendary group of conductors who were all born in 1912. He began his career without any formal training as a répétiteur at the Städtische Oper in Berlin, before emigrating to the Soviet Union in 1936 and becoming the Leningrad Philharmonic’s assistant principal conductor under Evgeny Mravinsky from 1942 to 1960 and evolving into one of the 20th century’s leading conductors. In 1956 he made what continues to be regarded as a legendary recording of Tchaikovsky’s Fourth Symphony with the Leningrad Philharmonic. In the view of the Washington Post, he had a very special affinity with this music: “Sanderling’s Tchaikovsky is filled with an unselfconscious dignity that never gets in the way of the music’s dramatic flow but keeps the musical and emotional elements in proper balance. There is no trace of self-indulgence or whim in his approach, no hotting-up, just great respect for the score and for Tchaikovsky’s own good judgment.”

In the first half of the concert listeners were bowled over by Yefim Bronfman’s contribution to Saint-Saëns’s Second Piano Concerto, a work that was written in eighteen days for the conducting debut of his friend Anton Rubinstein in Paris in the spring of 1868. It is one of the rare examples of a piano concerto in which the solo instrument opens the musical argument. Equally unusual is the fact that the slow movement is in first position, initially creating the impression of a Baroque prelude. This is followed by a witty Scherzo and a lively Tarantella that Bronfman mastered with bravura aplomb, while at the same time making it unmistakably clear why this concerto is one of Saint-Saëns’s most popular works.

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